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open cast coal mining in india health problems

  • Safety concerns: Inside India's mines, a worker dies every ...

    India produces 89 minerals by operating 569 coal mines, 67 oil and gas mines, 1,770 non-coal mines, and several more small mines, running into over a lakh, all of which translate into direct employment of about 1 million on a daily average basis and an overall sector contribution of about 5 per cent to the country's gross domestic product.

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  • Coal mining - Wikipedia

    Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine – a pit, and the ...

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  • How does the open cast mining affect the environment - Answers

    Open cast mining is generally considered safer than underground mining but there are still some dangers such as: 1)Because opencast mining is done in the form of ledges one can easily fall off one ...

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  • The coal boom choking China | Environment | The Guardian

    Chinese miners last year dug up 3.87 billion tonnes of coal, more than enough to keep all four of the next largest users – the United States, India, the European Union and Russia – supplied ...

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  • OPENCAST COAL MINING AT LARGE DEPTH IN INDIA …

    To increase the depth of existing opencast coal mines is the only easy and cost effective option to meet the demand supply gap of coal in India. Various problems and their feasible solutions have ...

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  • Coal India advances target for one ... - The Economic Times

    Nov 01, 2019· KOLKATA: Coal India has decided to advance its target year for achieving an annual production capacity of one billion tonnes by two years -- 2024. The company was earlier planning to achieve the target by 2019-20. However, lack of adequate demand and a plethora of issues with respect to raising production levels had forced the company to push back the deadline to 2025-26.

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  • Mining in India - Wikipedia

    The Mining industry in India is a major economic activity which contributes significantly to the economy of India.The GDP contribution of the mining industry varies from 2.2% to 2.5% only but going by the GDP of the total industrial sector it contributes around 10% to 11%. Even mining done on small scale contributes 6% to the entire cost of mineral production.

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  • The exploitation of natural resources and the consequences

    The mining industry is able to guarantee constant public security during open-cast mining activities and to offer an effective after-use of the land when the mines are closed. The most important measures to that end are the building of secure slopes and tipping areas, the regulation of water quality and water balance, the creation of an ...

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  • Problems and challenges faced by Coal India Limited

    Sep 26, 2013· The machinery available with Coal India Ltd. called open-cast mining allows drilling mostly up to 300 meters below earth's surface, but about 40% of total coal reserves are located at a deeper depth which cannot be extracted using opencast mining.

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  • The Effects Of Coal Mining On The Health Of The Body ...

    Coal-mining areas tend to be more at risk of a socioeconomic disadvantage, higher risk of health problems, and deconstruction of the environment in comparison to non-coal-mining areas (Mclour 2008). In Mclour's study of "miners lung", the quality of life is briefly covered and discussed.

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  • Coal mining | World Coal Association

    In 2018, 7813.3 million tonnes (Mt) of coal were produced worldwide, primarily mined by two methods: surface or 'opencast' mining, and underground mining. The largest coal producing countries are not confined to one region - the top five hard coal producers are China, India, USA, Indonesia and Australia. Much of global coal production is used ...

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  • Open Cast Coal Mining In India Health Problems

    Coal mining - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A coal mine in Bihar, India. .... Open cast coal mining recovers a greater proportion of the coal deposit than underground methods, as ..... accidents in coal mines or through adverse health consequences from working under poor conditions.

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  • Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health

    Aug 22, 2018· Strip mining accounts for about 40 percent of the world's coal mines but in some countries, such as Australia, open cast mines make up 80 percent of mines. Even though it's highly destructive, industry often prefers strip mining as it requires less labour and yields more coal than underground mining.

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  • Health Damages from Air Pollution: Evidence from …

    Opencast coal mining leads to more severe air pollution than underground mining (Ghose and Banerjee 1995). All the mining processes, starting from drilling to transportation and screening, are the major sources of such emissions (Pathak et al. 2007). Air pollution in opencast coal mines is mainly

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  • Increased health problems and diminishing forests: how ...

    Increased health problems and diminishing forests: how coal mining in Chhattisgarh spells disaster ... depletion in areas where open cast mining is prevalent is due to the huge pits dug for the ...

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  • About coal mining impacts | Greenpeace International

    Mining is the first step in the dirty life cycle of coal. When coal mines move in, whole communities are forced off their land by expanding mines, coal fires, subsidence, and overused and contaminated water supplies. Mines are quick to dig up and destroy forests and soils. But once the coal is gone, the problems they leave behind, like acid mine drainage, can persist for decades.

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  • Air pollution problems in an Indian opencast coal mining ...

    (1991). Air pollution problems in an Indian opencast coal mining complex: A case study. International Journal of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Environment: Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 83-88.

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  • MITIGATING ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF …

    although surface mining is more common in several important coal producing countries. In India also surface mining is given importance. Surface mining or opencast mining is only economic when coal seam is near the surface. Opencast mines damage a large land surface area, displace people from their ancestral homesteads and cause agricultural ...

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  • Residents breathe uneasy in underground fire hit Jharia

    SWIRLING WORRIES: An open-cast mine of Bharat Coking Coal Limited in Jharia, Dhanbad, on Sunday. Picture by Shabbir Hussain Rajendra Paswan, 48, a resident of the underground-fire-hit Mohri Bandh in Jharia has not been able to sleep after hearing Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman's announcement of allowing private players in the coal ...

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  • Open-pit mining - Wikipedia

    Open-pit, open-cast or open cut mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunnelling into the earth, such as long wall mining.Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful ore or rocks are found near the surface.

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  • Living near opencast coal mining sites and children's ...

    OBJECTIVES—To answer the question whether living near opencast coal mining sites affects acute and chronic respiratory health. METHODS—All 4860 children aged 1-11 from five socioeconomically matched pairs of communities close to active opencast sites and control sites away from them were selected.Exposure was assessed by concentrations of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter …

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  • Environmental Concerns of Coal Mining in India

    Sep 18, 2017· In India, most of the coal production comes from open-cast mines As on 2015, the share of underground coal mining in India is lowest- only 8.8% of the total mining. In India, Singareni Collieries Company Ltd (SCCL) has the highest share of underground mining production among public sector coal mining companies.

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  • Comparison of social costs of underground and open-cast ...

    Comparison of social costs of underground and open-cast coal mining . Galina Williams ([email protected]) Senior Lecturer in Economics School of Business and Law, CQUniversity, Australia . Abstract . This paper presents a methodology for assessment of socio-economic costs from underground and open-cast coal mining.

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  • conferences.iaia.org

    For example, in India it increased substantially since the 1970s as the country's coal production shifted from UG to OC mining increasing the negative impact of mining on communities such as joblessness, homelessness, marginalization, food insecurity, loss of common lands and resources, increased health risks, social disarticulation, the ...

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  • Opencast Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Opencast Mining. Opencast mining is the most common method used throughout the world for extracting minerals (Ha et al., 2011) and commonly produces much waste, due to the removal of large volumes of materials (Anawar et al., 2013; Bini, 2012). From: Assessment, Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils, 2017. Related terms: Coal Mine

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  • Environmental impact of mining - Wikipedia

    Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes. These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of carbon which have ...

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  • Coal mining in northeast India: an overview of ...

    May 25, 2016· Sub-bituminous tertiary coal of northeast India was deposited under the influence of marine environment (Rajarathnam et al. 1996).These coals have high sulfur and low ash content, with high organic sulfur, due to the influence of marine sources during diagenesis (Chandra et al. 1983; Singh and Singh 2000; Ward et al. 2007; Widodo et al. 2010).Coal can be termed as low sulfur (<1 % sulfur ...

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  • Open-cast Coal Mining Threatens Indigenous Villagers in ...

    The expansion of open-cast coal mining operations in Jharkhand's Northern Karanpura Valley poses a major threat to the region's Indigenous population, their local environment and a precious cultural heritage that dates back more than 8,000 years. Get Rid of Ads. Support us on Patreon! According to FIAN International, more than twenty new coal mines have […]

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  • Reclamation of Degraded Landscapes due to Opencast …

    Reclamation of Degraded Landscapes due to Opencast Mining 827 many subcategories of impacts such as air pollution, ground deformation, water pollution and water resource depletion (Sengupta 1993; Younger 2004). According to Ghose (2002), opencast coal mining causes much more environmental

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  • Going underground: India needs to dig deep to keep lights ...

    Oct 21, 2012· "With the ballooning demand for coal in India, open-cast mining has become the easy option, albeit at a great cost to the environment and society," said a …

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